Testing » Georgia Alternate Assessment 2.0 (GAA 2.0)

Georgia Alternate Assessment 2.0 (GAA 2.0)


The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 (IDEA) and the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) require that states ensure all students, including those with significant cognitive disabilities, are provided access to state academic content standards and given the opportunity to demonstrate achievement of knowledge, concepts and skills inherent to those standards by participating in the state’s assessment program. The U.S. Department of Education defines alternate achievement standards as establishing performance expectations that differ in complexity from grade-level achievement standards. The standards assessed must be aligned with the approved state’s content standards, give access to these content standards, and promote the highest achievement levels possible for the individual student. This ensures that students who participate in an alternate assessment will receive customized learning provided by the teacher.

The GAA 2.0 is designed to ensure that students with significant cognitive disabilities are provided the opportunity to illustrate the knowledge, concepts and skills obtained through classroom instruction.

GAA 2.0 Participants

For students with disabilities, each student’s Individualized Education Program (IEP) team works together to decide how the student will participate in Georgia’s student assessment program. If the student’s IEP team determines that a student cannot meaningfully access the Georgia Milestones Assessment System, even with maximum appropriate accommodations, then the student must participate in the GAA 2.0.

The grades and courses assigned are detailed in the chart below.

Assessment Summary

The Georgia Alternate Assessment is designed to provide meaningful information about classroom instruction and help to identify a student’s areas of strength and improvement through a summative assessment. Unlike the original GAA, GAA 2.0 is no longer a portfolio-based assessment; therefore, it will measure a student’s achievement and not their progress.

The GAA 2.0 will include standardized items with multiple access points. The intent is to reduce the teacher’s burden related to selecting or developing tasks, as with the portfolio based assessment; bring greater standardization to the administration; improve scoring reliability; and introduce an online task submission system.

Test examiners will assess each student individually, in an untimed setting. Most students will be able to use the same communication mode on the GAA 2.0 test as they would use in the classroom setting.

The Georgia Alternate Assessment will be administered March 22 – April 30, 2021.